Different types of glass
It is so important to understand the differences between glass types before making any purchases. Evaluating which is one fits best your needs and it will benefit you is a must.
So, we have broken down all the different types of glass in the industry and its main qualities for you!
First of all, let’s talk about some of the most important properties of glass.
· It is usually transparent
· It has a smooth surface
· It has a clear appearance
· It can reflect, refract and transmit light without scattering it
· Silicate glass can be poured, formed, extruded and molded into many shapes including flat sheets and complex designs
· It is brittle
· It is erosion-resistant, especially against the action of water
· Usually resistant to chemicals, and is also corrosion-resistant
Annealed glass is the basic float or flat glass that hasn’t been heat-strengthened or tempered and it tends to break into large, jagged shards.
It is the most basic form of manufactured glass and it divides into 2 categories.
Clear Glass: clear glass is a kind of float glass that offers extreme transparency and clarity. AIS Clear Float Glass is the highest quality clear glass with high precision flatness.
Tinted Glass: tinted glass is annealed glass that has a coating or a film that imparts color and reduces its light transmission.
Frosted Glass: frosted glass is a translucent glass made by the process of sandblasting or acid etching. Its pitted, rough surface gives it a foggy appearance, thus making it the perfect solution for privacy.
Surface coatings can be applied to glass to modify its appearance and influence or improve its properties, such as low maintenance, special reflection/transmission/absorption properties, scratch resistance, corrosion resistance, etc. Coatings are usually applied by controlled exposure of the glass surface to vapors, which bind to the glass, forming a permanent coating.
Low-E Solar Control Glass: this is a high-performance glass with a low-E (low emissivity) coating which allows the glass to be energy efficient by cutting down on heat transmission.
Heat Reflective Glass: heat reflective glass is another high-performance product that has advanced solar control technology to reduce heat and glare from entering the building.
Exterior solar control glass: this type of hard-coated glass is used in the exterior of buildings for providing optimum solar control.
Mirror: plane mirrors, as we all know, are used to reflect back the image of the object placed in front of the mirror.
Lacquered Glass: lacquered glass is a type of decorative glass that has a color coating on one of its surfaces.
Processed glass is a type of glass made by subjecting annealed or float glass to thermal or chemical treatment in order to change its properties. There are various processing techniques such as lamination, toughening, sandblasting, acid etching, lacquering, glazing, etc. We have classified and identified these different techniques of processed glass and how they work.
Laminated Glass: laminated glass or laminated safety glass is made of two or more layers of glass with one or more "interlayers" of polymeric material bonded between the glass layers.
Tempered Glass: before the glass can be used as a building material it is often heat-treated for durability and safety. There are two different types of heat-treated glasses, heat-strengthened and tempered. While the production process is similar, heating the glass to approximately 1.200 degrees Fahrenheit and then force-cooling, the cooling process in tempered glass is accelerated to create a higher surface and/or edge compression in the glass. This process makes the glass four to five times stronger and safer than annealed or untreated glass. Fully-tempered safety glass is often used for other applications where safety is desirable, because of its break pattern or when significant additional strength is needed to resist wind pressure, thermal stress, or both.
Heat Strengthen Glass: with heat-strengthened glass, the cooling process is slower, which results in lower compression strength. Heat-strengthened glass is approximately twice as strong as annealed, or untreated, glass.
Acid-etched: it is called the glass that has been chemically treated with an acidic material, such as hydrofluoric acid, to produce a surface finish that will diffuse transmitted light, reduce glare and has a “frosted” appearance
As you can see, each type of glass has different uses and techniques. That is why it is so important to be able to know what you are buying. For instance, if you are buying a glass door or table you would need to buy a tempered glass instead of laminated glass and so on.
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